“Open sesame!” Garage doors and garage door openers are relatively low maintenance and easy to fix. This Fix-It Guide on garage door opener repair tells how a garage door opener works, what often goes wrong, how to identify a garage door opener problem, and what parts and tools you will need to fix it. It then gives simple step-by-step instructions for garage door maintenance. This guide refers to electrical receptacle repair, motor repair, household battery repair, and button battery repair for specific garage door opener issues.
How Does a Garage Door Opener Work?
A garage door opener is an electric motor appliance that opens a garage door at the push of a button. The button can be one that’s wired into the household electrical circuit or one that’s on a battery-powered remote-control unit usually carried in a car. Most garage door systems have both. The button sends an infrared or radio signal to the control unit that, in turn, activates an electric motor with a track-and-pulley system that moves the door. Most garage door opener units also have a light that goes on automatically and shuts off after a pre-set interval.
What Can Go Wrong with a Garage Door Opener?
The opener may not respond when the remote or wall button is pushed. The opener may raise the door but not close it. The opener may run but not open the door. The opener may operate without a command. The door may not open or close completely. The door may reverse when closing. The opener may have to work too hard. Because garage door openers are little more than a motor and electronic controls, most of the service you can perform includes replacing batteries, testing the motor or controls, or lubricating and aligning mechanisms.
At least once a year, test and replace batteries in the remote controllers.
How Can I Identify a Garage Door Opener Problem?
- If the door opener doesn’t respond, make sure the cord is securely plugged into a properly operating electrical receptacle. Wait 15 minutes for a motor overheated by a binding door and try to open it again. As needed, test the motor.
- If the door raises but won’t close, make sure the beam sensor is plugged in and properly aligned according to the owner’s manual directions.
- If the opener operates by remote, but won’t operate by the hard-wired button, look for loose connections or damaged wires. Test for continuity or a short or call for an electrician.
- If the remote control does not work, check its battery (see the Household Battery Fix-It Guide or the Button Battery Fix-it Guide) for sufficient power. Also make sure the antenna is outside the opener housing.
- If the opener runs but doesn’t open the door, look for wear of the worm gear or chain-drive sprocket; if needed, have it professionally serviced. Pull the disengage cord to reset the catch and reactivate the opener. Replace a broken chain or worn gears.
Don’t take your garage door opener for granted. Once a season, test the unit to make sure it opens and closes smoothly and that safety features (automatic reversing) work as described in the owner’s manual. At the same time, inspect the door, tracks, and the opener chain or drive to make sure grime or debris won’t soon stop operation. A 10-minute inspection can give you confidence–and reduce potential problems.
- If the opener operates by itself, look for a stuck button on the remote control. If this fails, have a faulty circuit board checked and, if needed, replaced.
- If your garage door opener opens a neighbor’s garage door as well–or vice versa–check the owner’s manual to learn if the frequency can be reset and how.
- If the door doesn’t open or close completely, look for and remove any obstructions and inspect the door for misaligned tracks, loose hardware, or uneven spring tension. Make sure the open and close limits and sensitivity are set correctly according to the owner’s manual.
- If the door reverses while closing, look for an obstruction and remove it. Make sure nothing (even a spider web) is blocking the electric eye. Make sure the close limit is set according to the owner’s manual.
Garage door openers made and installed in the past 10 years include a sensor that will force a closing door to reverse direction if something is blocking it. Older units may or may not automatically reverse direction depending on who made it and when. For safety, especially around children and pets, consider upgrading an older garage door opener to one with the latest safety features.
- If the opener works too hard, increase spring tension or replace a bad spring. Have the door serviced to repair a worn chain sprocket or worm gear.
Maintaining the door itself will lessen the need for opener repairs (see below).
What Do I Need for Garage Door Opener Repair?
Replacement parts are available from larger hardware stores and specialty garage door opener retailers. The tools you will need to fix a garage door opener include these:
What Are the Steps to Garage Door Opener Repair?
Your garage door should be in good operating order for your garage door opener to operate smoothly. Here are some garage door maintenance guidelines.
Garage door maintenance:
- Inspect and, if necessary, remove and clean dirty hinge rollers with de-greaser or kerosene, replacing each assembly before removing the next.
- Twice a year, lubricate the roller bearings and roller shaft with lightweight oil. Also remove any debris from the track.
- Check and adjust the door lock bar. To adjust, loosen the screws and move the lock-bar guide bracket up or down as needed. Make sure that all screws are tight.
- Inspect the door operation for smooth, uniform movement.
- As needed, loosen mounting screws and use a mallet to straighten a misaligned track.